In the past fifty years, various revolutions changed the dimensions of domains of knowledge. One such change is the technological development and growth which made a rapid evolution in information technologies and as a result applied in many organizations like Tooliqa and in the production process to create an impact on various domains.
Technological developments consist of three factors, namely,
(i) continuous innovation in a range of products bound to global consumption.
(ii) implementing the new technology in products and in the production process.
(iii) implementing the new technology to develop the new products.
Technological development in the case of architecture involves
(i) the introduction of a steady innovation process to create an architecture that effectively adapts to the climate changes globally.
(ii) the automation of the design process aimed at overcoming the architectural problems and urban complexities in a short span.
(iii) the automation design process provides simultaneous production forms replacing earlier sequential forms.
Currently, the technological developments in architectures require a specialist skilled with information management and should be knowledgeable about the new information applications to solve a complex problem.
This implies an architect should continuously use the information tools to design, coordinate, and organize the life cycle of projects, examine the rules and regulations based on the environment, and analyze the sustainable habitat in the duration of the life cycle.
Furthermore, all this kick starts with digital modelling and simulation which requires simultaneous and concurrent management processes. With adequate information management of the contemporary processes, and architectural design is made possible.
Perspectives of Technological Development
Currently, many companies are developing new products to compete in the international markets. The objectives of technological developments are
(i) to develop a new product in a short span.
(ii) to enhance the efficiency of the developments.
(iii) to obtain a premium product.
Many companies have progressed from a sequential production process to an integrated production process referred to as Concurrent Engineering (CE) to meet the objectives of technological developments.
CE is often considered a successful practice to meet the long-standing competitions. CE correlates the concurrent product designs and related processes to make use of it in manufacturing as well as support.
Additionally, all the essentials for product development are estimated before the production process begins corresponding to every phase.
Implications of Technological Development in Architectural Design
Currently, the development of architectural projects is more complicated which requires appropriate information management. As a result, the manufacturing process in architecture had a lot of changes that required adequate knowledge regarding rules and regulations of the current systems in the domain to combat the requirements in terms of quality and environment.
This is aimed at responding to the process information to solve the complex problem in a short span. The linear production process is similar to the process of communication and hence it is referred to as the linear process of information management.
A PLGI is a conventional method used to develop architectural projects which process in a sequential fashion where each component produces its information in the system. In each stage of information management, there will be a waiting time.
Furthermore, each component is isolated where decision-making takes place, where possible errors are high when the component does not have adequate or up-to-date information. Also, error detection is slow, simplification of procedures does not respond to the complexity of the process, and time-consuming.
To manage the information in an appropriate manner, architects rely on IT tools since the efficiency of information management plays a vital role in any architectural project.
However, the technological developments through CE and IT tools provide options like working online with virtual groups, geographical systems of information, and documented construction models referred to as building information modelling (BIM) for spatial modelling rather than planimetry.
Moreover, BIM offers advanced architectural designs which represent models to integrate information regarding design, management, and construction. This evaluates the life cycle of any buildings or urban designs in planning and construction.
Technology revolution in Architectural Design
A new innovative architectural design takes place in both the process and in the results heading the industry in an exciting direction. Moreover, technology in architecture from computational design to apps was pursuing a new horizon in design, making use of algorithms, experimenting with new features, robotics, 3D printing, and so on.
Today architects have access to data and analytics for innovation and optimizing performance. Additionally, these technologies are shaping the face of today’s architectural designs.
1. Generative Design
Generative design uses an evolutionary approach to design. It uses the computation method to explore a variety of design options based on input design goals. Additionally, the software uses cloud computing to generate a wide-ranging design alternative. Moreover, for every alternative, it tests and learns to check which works well based on the requirements.
2. 3D Printing and Robotics
The potential application of Robotics in architecture is in which humans work with robots in a construction process. On the other hand, 3D printing is generated by an industrial standard. Moreover, software like Autodesk brings a design-to-fabrication and provides complex structural designs in a fraction of time.
3. Architectural Apps and Cloud Computing
Architectural apps are employed in every stage of a project from design to completion to serve better to their clients. BIM saves time, increases transparency, and encourages virtual collaborations.
Furthermore, visual scripting tools such as Grasshopper streamline the process, iterate in a short span, explore the alternatives, and deliver a perfect solution. NVIDIA Iray servers create a high-quality design. Additionally, a rise in BIM technology leads to cloud-based design products and services to ease the remote access of project information.
Virtual reality offers a dynamic way to present architectural designs to their clients allowing a user to walk through the designs. Augmented reality collaborates physical and digital realms in architectural designs.
Moreover, hybrid reality combines the real, physical space with the virtual, digital environments to create a new visualization so that the real and virtual objects interact in real-time.
Using the hybrid reality, the client will be able to see a physical location modified with a virtual design and the client can interact with those virtual designs. This helps to develop a novel design that enhances client engagement.
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